Integrity: role integrity

Article 48         No improper furtherance of personal interests

Psychologists must refrain from improperly furthering their commercial, personal, religious, political or ideological interests in their Professional Activities.


Article 49         Recognition of incompatible interests

Psychologists must recognise the difficulties that may arise because the Client, the Principal or persons who form part of a Client System may have incompatible interests. They must explain their choice of position to all the Persons Involved at the earliest possible stage.


Article 50         Not accepting incompatible Assignments

Psychologists may not accept a new Assignment that cannot be properly combined with an Assignment that they have already accepted, even if it does not involve the same Client. When stating the reasons for such a refusal, psychologists must take confidentiality into account.


Article 51         Avoiding the mixing of professional roles

Psychologists must recognise the difficulties that can arise from the simultaneous or successive performance of different professional roles in relation to one or more Persons Involved. They should preferably not put themselves in such a position. If psychologists nevertheless consider it acceptable in certain circumstances to successively or simultaneously perform more than one role in relation to the person(s) involved, they must make that clear to the person(s) involved.


Article 52         Avoiding the mixing of professional and non-professional roles

Psychologists may not mix professional and non-professional roles that could affect each other in such a way that the psychologists can no longer be considered able to maintain a professional distance from the person(s) involved or as a result of which the interests of the person(s) involved are harmed.


Article 53         No sexual conduct towards the Client

Psychologists must refrain from sexual advances towards Clients and may not respond to such advances from Clients. They must refrain from conduct of a sexual nature or that could in general be regarded as such.


Article 54         No sexual relationship with the Client

Psychologists may not enter into a sexual relationship with the Client during or immediately after the Professional Relationship. They must exercise restraint also after that time. The same applies to relationships with other Persons Involved that involve a considerable imbalance in power or a high level of dependency, such as with students or supervisees.


Article 55         Personal relationship after the end of the Professional Relationship

If they enter into a personal relationship after the end of the Professional Relationship, psychologists must ensure that the preceding Professional Relationship no longer has any disproportionate significance.

If a sexual relationship is involved, psychologists must be able to demonstrate on request that they took all due care at the start of the relationship that can be expected of them as professional psychologists.